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TME 30-420 Handbook on the Italian Military Forces


Published August 3, 1943
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TM E 30-420 Handbook on the Italian Military Forces 1943-08-03.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword 1-5 1
CHAPTER 1. Introduction:
Section I. Distinctive Branches, or Specialties 6-11 5
II. Semimilitary Forces 12-19 7
CHAPTER 2. Recruitment and Mobilization:
Section I. System of Conscription and Mobilization 20-27 18
II. Professional Cadre and Officers 28-30 28
III. Training, Efficiency, and Morale 31-35 30
IV. Pay and Emoluments 30-38 37
CHAPTER 3. Organization:
Section I. Command and Staff 39-44 39
II. Administration 45-46 44
III. Higher Units 47-62 45
IV. Infantry 63-77 57
V. Cavalry 78-82 71
VI. Land Reconnaissance Units 83-86 74
VII. Field Artillery 87-97 76
VIII. Antiaircraft Artillery 98-100 88
IX. Coast Artillery 101-102 91
X. Armored Troops 103-117 92
XI. Engineers 118-120 99
XII. Signal Communications- J 121-132 103
XIII. Chemical Troops 133-137 109
XIV. Motor Transport Agencies 138-140 112
CHAPTER 4. Services, Supply, and Transportation:
Section I. Central Organization 141-144 114
II. Services 145-152 116
III. Particular Services 153-169 123
IV. Transportation 170-173 145
CHAPTER 5. Ranks, Uniforms, and Insignia and Identification :
Section I. Ranks 174-179 157
II. Uniforms and Insignia 180-194 159
III. Decorations, Medals, and Awards 195-203 175
CHAPTER 6. Armament and Equipment:
Section I. Infantry 204-213 179
IL Cavalry 214-221 210
III. Antiaircraft and Antitank 222-230 212
IV, Artillery 231-234 236
V. Armored Vehicles 235-238 261
VI. Engineers . 239-247 269
VII. Signal Communications 248-258 325
VIII. Chemical Warfare 269-269 343
CHAPTER 7. Air Force 270-279 367
CHAPTER 8. Tactics:
Section I. Doctrine 280-284 401
II. Principles of Employment 285-288 405
CHAPTER 9. Permanent Fortifications 289-294 408
CHAPTER 10. Camouflage 295-305 417
CHAPTER 11. Abbreviations 306-310 422
CHAPTER 12. Miscellaneous:
Section L Road Spaces 311-313 461
II. Flags and Insignia of Certain Units 465
III. Coinage, Weights, and Measures 314-319 468
INDEX 475
RESTRICTED
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure
1 Map of Italy, showing principal cities 3
2 Map of Italy, showing regions 4
3 Typical organization of a depot command {reparto depdsito) _ _ 22
4 Organization of the High Command in war 41
5 Organization of the infantry division {d visione hindria) 49
6 Organization of the mobile (cavalry) division (divisione Mere) 65
7 Organization of the normal type of infantry regiment {binary division) 61
8 Organization of the Grenadier type of infantry regiment 63
9 Organization of the assault and landing type of infantry regiment 65
10 Organization of the Alpine regiment 67
11 Organization of the Bersaglieri cyclist regiment in the mobile (cavalry) division (divisione cilere) or an army corps 69
12 Organization of a divisional Black Shirt legion 70
13 Organization of the cavalry brigade in the mobile (cavalry) division (divisione Mere) 71
14 Organization of the normal cavalry regiment 72
15 Organization of the artillery regiment in the infantry division. 82
16 Organization of the artillery regiment in the mobile (cavalry) division (divisione Mere) 83
17 Organization of the artillery regiment in the armored division 84
18 Organization of the artillery regiment in the Alpme division 85
19 Organization of the artillery regiment in an army corps 86
20 Organization of the antiaircraft regiment 89
21 Organization and assignment of 20-mm antiaircraft batteries 90
22 Organization of the light tank regiment 90
23 Organization of principal engineer units 100
24 Organization of special engineer units 101
25 Organization of the assault pioneer battalion 102
26 Organization of the radiotelegraph battalion in an army 104
27 Organization of the radiotelegraph company in an army corps 105
28 Organization of the signal unit in the mountain division 105
29 Organization of the photographic company 109
30 Table of motor transport loads 131
31 Map of Italy, showing main railroad lines and highways 147
32 Water tank car 150
33 Freight car for transporting acids 151
34 Table of carrying capacity of rolling stock 152
35 Table of relative ranks 156
36 Commissioned officers in service dress uniforms. (The black collar on the brigadier general's uniform indicates the style of uniform prior to June 1940) 163
37 Group of Italian enlisted men 169
38 Identity plate {Medaglwncino di riconoBcimento) 171
39 Individual record book {libretto personale) 173
40 Service revolver and pistols180
41 9-mm automatic pistol, model 910 (Glisenti) 181
42 Service rifles and carbines 183
43 20-mm antitank rifle (Soluthurn) 187
44 6.5-mm light machine gun, model 30 (Breda) 189
45 8-mm medium machine gun, model 37 (Breda) 190
46 8-mm tank-mounted machine gun, model 38 (Breda) 192
47 8-mm medium machine gun, model 35 (Fiat-Revelli) 194
48 8-mm medium machine gun, model 07/12 (Schwarzlose) 195
49 9-mm machine carbine, model 38 (Beretta) 197
50 20-mm heavy machine gun, model 35 (Breda) 199
51 65/17 infantry gun 201
52 45-mm light mortar, model 35 (Brixia) 204
53 81-mm medium mortar, model 35 205
54 81-mm mortar squad 206
55 Firing the 81-mm mortar 207
56 Hand grenades 208
57 Characteristics of antiaircraft guns 215
58 75/27 (2.95-inch) AA gun 216
59 75/46 (2.95-inch) AA gun, model 34 (Ansaldo) 216
60 Detail of the 75/46 (2.95-inch) AA gun, model 34 (Ansaldo). 217
61 AA guns, model 1933 (Ansaldo) 218
62 20/65 (.79-inch) AA gun, model 35 (Breda) 219
63 20/65 (.79-inch) A A gun, model 35 (Breda), ready for trans-port 220
64 47/32 (1.85-inch) antitank gun, model 37 225
65 90-mm antitank gun, self-propelled model 227
66 102/35 (4.016) A A gun 280
67 Characteristics of artillery weapons 241
68 75/27 gun in traveling position 241
69 75/27 gun with shield raised 242
70 90/53 A A and coast defense gun 243
71 149/35 gun 246
72 381/40 raUway gun 246
73 305-mm howitzer 250
74 Characteristics of types of tanks 251
75 L 3/35 tank 253
76 Fiat-Ansaldo 3000 B tank (old model) 254
77 L 6/40 tank 255
78 Renault R 35 tank (French) . 256
79 M 11/39 tank 257
80 Ml 3 (formerly Mil) tank 258
81 M13/40tank 259
82 Cross section of the M 13/40 four-man tank 260
83 S 35, Somua (French) medium tank 262
84 Characteristics of armored cars 263
85 Autoblinda40 264
86 Italian motorized divisions f5howing autocarrette 265
87 S. P. A. Sahariano (Saharan) truck (Fiat) 268
88 Tabulation of bridge equipment 270
89 Girder bridge (ponte metallico) no. 1 271
90 Girder bridge no. 2 (ponte metallico 2) 272
91 Variations of girder bridge no. 2 273
92 Passarella da montagna 274
93 Cableway no. 3 274
94 Ponton and trestle bridges 275
95 Ponton and trestle bridges 276
96 Special raft (Zdttera) 277
97 Friction igniter (miccia da 40) 278
98 Time-delay igniter 280
99 Cross section of antipersonnel mine B4 283
100 Antipersonnel mine B4 284
101 Antipersonnel mine B4 (top view) 285
102 Bomb 4AR 286
103 Antitank mine B2 289
104 Antitank mine B2 (cross section) 289
105 Antitank mine B2 (S. C. G.) 291
106 B2 mine (hinged-lid type) 293
107 Type D mine 295
108 Antitank mine N5 297
109 Antitank mine N6 298
110 Metal tube mine 301
111 Railway mine (old pattern) : 303
112 Railway mine (new pattern) 304
113 Antipersonnel (2-kg) pressure mine 305
114 Antipersonnel trip mine, type 2 307
115 Electrical mine, type 2(B) i 308
116 Antipersonnel trip mine, type 9 309
117 Pressure mine, type 9 311
118 Antitank mine, type 9 313
119 Mine, type N 315
120 Road and field mine 316
121 Road and field mine (details) 317
122 Shell mine 319
123 Pressure mine with grenade exploder 321
124 Items of camouflage equipment 324
125 Searchlight unit (120-cm) 824
126 Types of radio 327
127 Type O. G. M. rotary key telephone switchboard (with circuit diagram for 10 lines) 328
128 Characteristics of the various types of telephone wire 329
129 Circuit diagrams of Morse telegraph set. (The black holes indicate the positions of the plugs.) 331
130 Repeating coil for simultaneous phantom telephony and simplex telegraphy, model O. G. M. (1928) (with circuit diagram) 335
131 Heliograph rectifier of 80-mm optical signaling apparatus 336
132 Generator of 80-mm optical signaling apparatus 337
133 Showing use of the converter of the 1 80-mm phototelephonic set 338
134 List of radios 339
135 Types, numbers, characteristics, and applications of storage batteries 340
136 Diagrams of communication nets 342
137 List of gas bombs 349
138 List of Italian incendiary bombs 351
139 Portable flame thrower, model 35 352
140 Portable flame thrower, model 35, showing nozzle 353
141 Portable flame thrower, model 40 355
142 Italian flame-thrower tank, L 3/35, with trailer 356
143 Military gas mask, M31. (The separate type canister is attached.) 357
144 Protective clothing 361
145 Organization of the Air Ministry 368
146 Territorial organization of the Air Force 372
147 Tactical organization of the Air Force 374
148 Strength report of Italian Air Force, April 1943 375
149 Aircraft in operational use 376
150 SM-82 transport planes in flight 377
151 Markings of Italian aircraft 378
152 P-108, long range bomber 379
153 Cant. Z-1007 Bis, Alcione (Kingfisher), medium bomber 380
154 BR-20, Cicogna (Stork), medium bomber 381
156 SM-79, Sparviero (Hawk), medium bomber 382
156 CA-310, Libiccio (Southwest Wind), reconnaissance bomber. 383
157 CA-311, reconnaissance bomber 384
158 SM-82, Canguru (Kangaroo), transport 385
159 SM-85, dive bomber 386
160 Cant. Z-606B, Airione (Heron), flying boat 387
161 Cant. Z-501, flying boat 388
162 RE-2001, Falco II (Falcon), fighter 389
163 RE-2000, Falco I (Falcon), fighter 390
164 MC-200, SaeUa (Thunderbolt), fighter 391
165 MC-202, Saetia II (Thunderbolt), fighter 392
166 MC-205, fighter. (This fighter resembles the MC-202 in appearance.) 393
COLOR PLATES
Plate
I Army service dress and field uniforms: conunissioned officers 174
II Army field uniforms: noncommissioned officers and enlisted men 174
III Army tropical uniforms: officers and men 174
IV Miscellaneous Army and Black Shirt uniforms 174
V Air Force uniforms: commissioned officers 174
VI Insignia of rank of general officers 174
VII Insignia of rank of company and field officers 174
VIII Insignia of rank of noncommissioned officers and enlisted men 174
IX Collar patches of infantry regiments and divisions 174
X Collar patches and devices of arms and services (other than infantry of the line) 174
XI Insignia of arm or service 174
XII Insignia of arm or service (continued) 174
IX RESTRICTED
Digitized by Google Books.


Year 1943
Pages 514
Language English
Collection wwIIarchive; additional_collections


Reviews

Reviewer: timerover - - May 4, 2014
Subject: Great Source
As this war prepared just prior to the Italian surrender and switching sides, it is an extremely valuable source of information on the Italian military.
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